Biomass

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Basics[edit]

- Any source of material (usually in a fuel context) that is directly biologically sourced



Non-Processed Biomass Types[edit]

Wood[edit]

- Either hardwood, softwood, or bamboo

- Can be burned as is, used for structual work, be made into paper, or made into some of the products listed below


Misc. Organic Matter[edit]

- Such as leaves, agricultural waste (ie corn husks etc), etc

- Can be burned as is, composted, put into a biodigester, or made into some of the products listed below


Feedstock Oils[edit]

- Algae Oil, Canola Oil, Soybean Oil etc

- Can be burned as is, or converted to biodiesel


Waste Oil[edit]

- Oil from things such as deep fryers etc

- Can be of a lesser quality than direct feedstock oils (due to degredation/chemical conversion from heat etc.), but is still usable when cleaned/purified for biodiesel, or being burned as is



Partally Processed Biomass Types[edit]

Sawdust[edit]

- Wood either ground into sawdust as a byproduct of another process (such as using the Sawmill), or only for the purpose of making sawdust

- Can be used as is, or made into additional products listed below


Sawdust Pellets[edit]

- Is sawdust run through a pellet mill

- Is uniform in size, moisture content, and is very easy to store + measure


Sawdust Briquette[edit]

- Is sawdust pressed into a briquette

- Is similar to the Sawdust pellets, but larger, and thus they have a longer burn time


Sawdust Brick[edit]

- Is sawdust pressed into a brick

- May use a variation of the CEB Press


Charcoal Dust[edit]

- Charcoal that has been powderized

- Either used for chemistry, or in a charcoal dust burner


Charcoal Pellets[edit]

- Either sawdust pellets that hae been made into charcoal, or dust compressed into pellets


Charcoal Briquettes[edit]

- Either sawdust briquettes that have been made into charcoal, or charcoal dust compressed into a briquette


Charcoal Bricks[edit]

- Either sawdust bricks that have been made into charcoal, or charcoal dust that has been compressed into bricks



Biomass to Fuel Products[edit]

Biodigester Gas[edit]

- A mixtue of methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and water vapor

- Obtained directly from biodigesters


Methane[edit]

- Pure (or near pure) Methane Gas

- Obtained by filtering and drying Biodigester Gas


Ethanol[edit]

- Obtained by fermenting either sugar, or carbohydrate heavy biomass (such as sugarcane and corn), or by using pure sugar


Methanol[edit]

- Obtained (although in smaller ammounts) by fermenting either sugar, or carbohydrate heavy biomass (such as sugarcane and corn), or by using pure sugar

- Can also be obtained by destructive distillation of biomass (this is how it earned it's name "wood alchohol"), or by reacting pure methane with

    • Methanol can be made from methane via the following process Listed Here


Dimethyl Ether[edit]

- Dimethyl Ether can be made from Methanol This Details How


Bio-Gasoline[edit]

- Can be made by Catalytically Converting Dimethyl Ether to Hydrocarbons such as Gasoline This Details How


Bio-Diesel[edit]

- Is made from a reaction between sodium hydroxide (or potasium hydroxide) and oil (either feedstock oil, or cleaned/purifed waste oil)

- Can be used anywhere diesel is used



Cellulose to Sugar[edit]

- This is useful for ethanol fermentaion

- Cellulose to Sugar with low energy but expensive materials



See Also[edit]

- Open Source Fuels Construction Set



Useful Links[edit]

- Wikipedia Page on Biomass