Vegetable Oil Production

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One kilogram of canola seeds — the amount in the plastic bag — makes the amount of oil that’s in this flask. The seeds come from pods like the ones in this dried bouquet.

Overview[edit]

OSE principles suggest minimal use of petroleum products, which often means the substitution of locally produced vegetable oils. Oil crops are also likely to be grown for edible cooking oils. In either case, appropriately-scaled oil processing technology is required.

Applications[edit]

Crops[edit]

Processes[edit]

Oilseed refining.png
An open-frame hydraulic cage press which could be re-implemented with the CEB

Small scale processing paper from ATTRA

Oilseed pressing on Appropedia

at Library4Farming

from Practical Action

Description of conventional Refined/Bleached/Deodorized(RBD) process in this patent application

The cage press method of expressing oil involves loading seed into a squeezing compartment, applying at least 500psi (higher pressures, up to thousands of psi, improve extraction efficiency) to crush seed and express the liquid oil, then removing the remaining solid oilcake. It seems that with appropriate simple modifications (a perforated pusher block above the moving press foot) the CEB Press could perform this function very effectively.

Separating Oil from Aqueous Extraction Fractions of Soybean examines the use of aqueous (basic) sodium hydroxide solutions for extraction of oil from soybeans processed with different means. A sodium hydroxide mixture is found to be 80-90% efficient but processing to lyse cells is key to a high yield. Lipid droplets are also complexed with lipid binding proteins (oleosin) which can complicate downstream processing.


Bridge press (NRI design).