Car/Research Development

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News[edit]

The OSE Micro Car is Vélocar. Please join us on velocar.cc for research development.


Velocar.cc

Actual step in OSE organisation : Universal Mobility Construction Set





Joe Justice recruited as collaborator on 2/20/2012.

See Status Brief for update[edit]

Overview[edit]

Car Car Research

Concept[edit]

see Car Concept Design

4" Tube Frame Concept[edit]

The Tractor uses 4" tubes, so it makes sense to try to reuse that approach for the rest of the first-generation machines. This is a concept for the open source car that uses 4" tubes arranged in triangles to form a sort of ladder frame that additional parts like wheels and power cubes can be mounted to.

Considerations[edit]

  • Requirements
  • Speed
  • Throughput
  • Weight
  • Size Constraints
  • Feed stock
  • Design Description
  • Calculations
  • Drawings and Diagrams
  • Concept and Alternatives
  • Full Design Views
  • Cut-away Views
  • Exploded Parts
  • 3D Renders
  • Decisions
  • Project Team

Design[edit]

Car/Research Development/Calculations

The basic requirements for the OS Car are: Two passenger capacity, Ultra-high fuel economy (50+ MPG, city, 100+ MPG, highway), Ultra-long range (1000+ miles), Low Cost (less than $12,000), Ease of Construction (1000 hours of construction time. Can be constructed by one person in 1000 hours with a vertical mill, band saw, disc sander, grinding wheel, air compressor, welder)

Given these requirements the basic attributes chosen for the OS Car are:

  • Reverse Trike Layout
    The reverse trike layout was chosen because it allows for side by side seating, an aerodynamic rain drop shaped body, and safe handling. A two-wheeled vehicle with tandem seats resembling a motorcycle would have less frontal area and probably less wind drag, but would simply not be practical to drive. A four-wheeled vehicle could be made with a rain drop shaped body, but would have extra drag from the two rear wheels which would protrude from the body. The reverse trike design may seem novel, but has been used successfully for over 100 years in cars from the Egg to the Aptera. Other benefits to the reverse trike layout are lower weight and cost due to the obviation of one wheel and a differential. NOT.
  • Hybrid Hydraulic Powertrain
    A hybrid powertrain is a requirement for achieving high fuel efficiency in city driving in order to: 1. Exploit the low brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) of a very small displacement engine which cannot create enough power by itself to provide sufficient acceleration of a vehicle. 2. Allow for regenerative braking where kinetic energy of the vehicle is recaptured and stored. Hybrid electric powertrains are most popular in hybrid vehicles produced by the major OEMs, but using a such a powertrain in the OS Car would require either very expensive lithium-ion batteries, or very heavy lead-acid batteries. A hybrid hydraulic powertrain would not require any batteries for energy storage and would instead use a relatively lightweight and low cost accumulator.

wiki on hydraulic accumulator

off-the-shelf hydraulic transmission

hydraulic Nissan 4x4

commerical hybrid hydraulic trucks

UPS uses hybrid hydraulics...also Tuan Nguyen is an idiot.

good analysis of hydraulic hybrid benefits

wiki on ICE hybrid hydraulics

a description of the active hydraulic suspension on the Infinity Q45a

problems with hydropneumatic suspension design on Lexus LX 470

  • Tubular Steel Space Frame
    A tubular steel space frame design was chosen for the space frame because it will be lightweight, stiff, strong, relatively inexpensive, and easy to construct. Although aluminum tubing would allow for a lighter design, its cost would be unacceptably high. A composite monocoque is and alternative to a space frame design, but a monocoque would require costly molds, and would require a large amount of time and a fair amount of skill to construct.

Research[edit]

See Also[edit]



The Global Village Construction Set
Habitat CEB Press Cement Mixer Sawmill Bulldozer Backhoe
Agriculture Tractor Seeder Hay Rake Well-Drilling Rig
Microtractor Soil Pulverizer Spader Hay Cutter Trencher
Bakery Oven Dairy Milker Microcombine Baler
Industry Multimachine Ironworker Laser Cutter Welder Plasma Cutter
CNC Torch Table Metal Roller Rod and Wire Mill Press Forge Universal Rotor
3D Printer 3D Scanner CNC Circuit Mill Industrial Robot Chipper Hammermill
Drill Press Induction Furnace
Energy Power Cube Gasifier Burner Solar Concentrator Electric Motor Generator Hydraulic Motor
Steam Engine Heat Exchanger Wind Turbine Pelletizer Universal Power Supply
Nickel-Iron Battery
Materials Aluminum Extractor Bioplastic Extruder
Transportation Car Truck

Imprimante 3D Scanner 3D Extracteur d'Aluminum Pelleteuse Four à Pain Presse à balles de paille Extrudeuse à bioplastiques Bulldozer Voiture Presse BTC Betonnière Broyeur à marteaux Imprimante de circuits électroniques Table de découpe numérique Trayeuse Perçeuse à colonne Moteur électrique Gazogène Faucheuse Râteau à foin Moteur hydraulique Fourneau à induction Bras robotisé Poinçonneuse Découpeur Laser Laminoir à plaques Microcombine Microtracteur Multimachine Batterie Ni-Fe Machine à granulés Torche plasma Power Cube Presse hydraulique Laminoir à barres et fils de fer Pulvérisateur de terre Scierie Semoir Concentrateur solaire Roto-bêche Moteur à vapeur Echangeur de chaleur Tracteur Fraiseuse de tranchée Camion Alimentation électrique universelle Rotor universel Poste de soudure à l'arc Plateforme de forage de puits Eolienne

Key Design Planning Prototype Almost done Full Release