CEB Press

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HintLightbulb.png Hint: Last updated Jan 2018

Link to CEB Press Build June 2015

The CEB Story 2012. from Open Source Ecology on Vimeo.


CEB Press
   Home  |  Research & Development  |  Bill of Materials  |  Manufacturing Instructions  |  User's Manual  |  User Reviews    CEB Press.png

Overview

CEB Press (aka "The Liberator"). See CEB_Press_6#Instructional_Files for detailed pictures of the latest machine build (v6), and for an exact picture of v6. Version shown is v3.
Bricks pressed on The Liberator

The Liberator is OSE's automatic, high throughput Compressed Earth Brick Press. It is named The Liberator because it is intended to free people from the single highest cost of living - housing. See Cost of Living and GVCS Naming Convention.

The CEB is at product release status and is being actively manufactured at Factor e Farm. The presses was used heavily as a part of the Factor e Farm Infrastructure Buildout 2011. Builds using the OSE CEB ress continued with the Microhouse 1, Microhouse 2, Microhouse 3, and MicroHouse 4 built in 2014 - [1]. We have also built a utility room brick floor and an 8' wall section out of CEBs in the 2016 build of the Seed Eco-Home.

The bill of materials cost of the machine is $3000-6500, depending on the version and build process. The machine versions include:

  • manual hydraulic controls
  • digitally cut parts or stock steel sections
  • small or large hopper
  • with or without hopper shaker
  • automatic controller at 6, 8, or 10 bricks per minute

We are currently selling the full machine and accepting pre-orders. We are currently accepting requests to be put on a product order wait list, and we we are currently filling orders on a regular basis. Email info at opensourceecology dot org.

  • Price is FOB Kansas City, Missouri, USA, for a fully assembled machine, with quick couplers, ready to be plugged in to a power source. Price for other packing/crating options is extra.
  • Delivery time: machines are produced during scheduled production runs, with 6 weeks lead time from submission of payment.
  • Buyer is encouaraged to attend the build event - to learn how the machine is designed, built, and therefore, to learn about repair and modification. Basic instruction on using FreeCAD will be provided for viewing the CAD file. An operating and maintenance manual will be provided to the client. The buyer is encouraged to brind additional people to the build event to learn about the machine.

A tractor loader is used to provide approximately 2 cubic yards of soil per hour at at 6 block per minute pressing rate. A tractor loader is needed to keep up with the machine throughput. Approximately 3 people are required to keep up with the machine for stacking the block upon pallets. Approximately 30 people would be required to load the machine manually with shovels and buckets if no tractor loader were available. At the minimum, 4 people (1 tractor operator, 3 stackers) are required to produce palletized block on an all-day basis.

Specifications of the Standard Model

  • Block is plain block, not interlocking. Please see discussion on Interlocking_bricks
  • Version 17.08 is our most current model. See CEB Press Genealogy for past versions.
  • Open source hardware, controller, and software (CC-BY-SA 4.0, GPLv3)
  • Controller includes automatic pressing and manual mode
  • Does NOT come with a power source - it is powered by a hydraulic power source, such as by our Power Cube or a tractor hydraulic take-off.
  • Full size bricks are 4"x6"x12", plain flat-faced bricks
  • Brick height is adjustable from 2"-4"
  • Brick dimensional variations: +/- 1/16". This assumes uniform soil. Soil uniformity will determine height uniformity of brick.
  • 6 full-sized bricks per minute at 14 gallon per minute hydraulic flow. Brick pressing rate will increase with a higher hydraulic flow, up to the maximum rated flow of the hydraulic solenoid. Hydraulic solenoid valve is rated for a maximum of 30 gpm fluid flow at 3000PSI
  • Fuel consumption with Power Cube running at 14 gpm fluid flow - about 1 gallon per hour
  • System hydraulic pressure - 2300 psi
  • Comes with hydraulic quick couplers ready to be connected to a power source
  • Weight - 1700 lb
  • Moving: brick press is moved with forks. Footprint (with legs in the inner position) allows machine to be placed in the bed of a 3/4 ton pickup. It has adjustable legs for uneven terrain. Machine can be moved around on a trailer (not included)
  • Material cost: $3000-$6500 depending on suppliers; manual machine (without hydraulic solenoid, machine costs $1000 less in materials. Production cost for a full kit: US$5000 above the bill of materials/supplies/consumables cost, paid by the buyer. Production currently occurs in Extreme Manufacturing Workshops - where the buyer is invited to the build so they understand how the machine is built - and is part of the buyer's Lifetime DIY Warranty. This warranty means that the user can maintain the machine for decades because they know how the machine is built, how it works, and how to source parts for the machine from local and online sources. This means that this is not a consumer machine, but a prosumer machine.
  • 3'x6' grate for loading the machine with a tractor. Includes soil deflectors

Additional Power

The machine can be used to produce up to 10 blocks per minute with a larger power source. A larger secondary hydraulic cylinder must be used in that case.

  • Known bugs: machine has currently been tested in multiple day production runs and is stable at 6 bricks per minute. Isues arise at a higher flow rate, which are solved by using a different logic sequence.
  • When solenoid valve runs with 2 Power Cubes at 28 gpm fluid flow, different control code needs to be used. The logic is based on a series valve with a series pressing sequence.
  • Issue can be resolved also by using the same code, and a parallel solenoid valve instead of the series solenoid valve that is currently being used. This would require a closed center hydraulic system, however - so the hydraulic pump would have to be changed to make this work.
  • This bug was not seen when a larger diesel engine was used to power the brick press in 2010 at 30 gpm fluid flow, because the simpler control code at that time was written for series operation. A brick pressing rate of 10 full size block per minute was achieved in 2010. We switched to parallel logic, and are now returning to a more robust series logic.
  • Control code optimization can happen to optimize power usage, saving a few percent on energy use.
  • Log splitter hydraulic pumps can be used to allow for the use of a smaller engine. This has been begun, and completion remains as future work. The advantage of a log splitter pump is the possibility of much more efficient operation, perhaps up to 50% less fuel.

Versions

HintLightbulb.png Hint: For full project version history, see CEB Press Genealogy and CEB Press Controller Genealogy

Details

The CEB Press takes earth/dirt/soil and compresses it tightly to make solid blocks useful for building. Compressed earth blocks have many advantages as a building material: by making the building materials from the readily available dirt on the building site, they eliminate the need to transport bricks from elsewhere, reducing financial cost and environmental impact. Compressed earth blocks are very strong and insulate well against both heat and sound, making for very energy-efficient building (especially combined with the energy savings from not needing to transport them from offsite). Best of all, the material they use is already on-site and does not need to be purchased -- quite literally, dirt-cheap! See the wiki page on Compressed Earth Blocks and the CEB category for more details on building using CEBs.

The Liberator has been fully designed and tested by the Open Source Ecology team. Because the Liberator is an open source technology, you can freely download instructions to build your own from materials you can obtain yourself, or contact opensourceecology[at]gmail[dot]com to buy a kit or a finished machine.

Building a machine yourself might seem intimidating, but every step of the process is fully documented and the OSE community is available on our discussion forums if you need help, advice, or a little hand-holding.

Using the CEB Press, two people can build a 6 foot high (1.83m) round wall, 20 feet (6.1m) in diameter, 1 foot (30cm) thick, in one 8 hour day, though construction time will vary somewhat depending on preparation time, what equipment is available (tractor to prepare the ground and move the blocks where they need to go), the quality of the soil, and other factors. The bigger the block size, the faster a wall can be erected, but at the cost of heavier blocks that are more of a strain to work with. Blocks from The Liberator average 25 pounds (11.3kg).

See CEB Design for more information.

Product Ecology

Construction Product Ecology

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Uses

Creates

Enables

See Also


The Global Village Construction Set
Habitat CEB Press Cement Mixer Sawmill Bulldozer Backhoe
Agriculture Tractor Seeder Hay Rake Well-Drilling Rig
Microtractor Soil Pulverizer Spader Hay Cutter Trencher
Bakery Oven Dairy Milker Microcombine Baler
Industry Multimachine Ironworker Laser Cutter Welder Plasma Cutter
CNC Torch Table Metal Roller Rod and Wire Mill Press Forge Universal Rotor
3D Printer 3D Scanner CNC Circuit Mill Industrial Robot Chipper Hammermill
Drill Press Induction Furnace
Energy Power Cube Gasifier Burner Solar Concentrator Electric Motor Generator Hydraulic Motor
Steam Engine Heat Exchanger Wind Turbine Pelletizer Universal Power Supply
Nickel-Iron Battery
Materials Aluminum Extractor Bioplastic Extruder
Transportation Car Truck

Imprimante 3D Scanner 3D Extracteur d'Aluminum Pelleteuse Four à Pain Presse à balles de paille Extrudeuse à bioplastiques Bulldozer Voiture Presse BTC Betonnière Broyeur à marteaux Imprimante de circuits électroniques Table de découpe numérique Trayeuse Perçeuse à colonne Moteur électrique Gazogène Faucheuse Râteau à foin Moteur hydraulique Fourneau à induction Bras robotisé Poinçonneuse Découpeur Laser Laminoir à plaques Microcombine Microtracteur Multimachine Batterie Ni-Fe Machine à granulés Torche plasma Power Cube Presse hydraulique Laminoir à barres et fils de fer Pulvérisateur de terre Scierie Semoir Concentrateur solaire Roto-bêche Moteur à vapeur Echangeur de chaleur Tracteur Fraiseuse de tranchée Camion Alimentation électrique universelle Rotor universel Poste de soudure à l'arc Plateforme de forage de puits Eolienne

Key Design Planning Prototype Almost done Full Release