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The Liberator is OSE's automatic, high throughput Compressed Earth Brick Press. It is named The Liberator because it is intended to free people from the single highest cost of living - housing. See Cost of Living and GVCS Naming Convention.
The CEB is at product release status and is being actively manufactured at Factor e Farm. The presses was used heavily as a part of the Factor e Farm Infrastructure Buildout 2011. Builds using the OSE CEB ress continued with the Microhouse 1, Microhouse 2, Microhouse 3, and MicroHouse 4 built in 2014 - . We have also built a utility room brick floor and an 8' wall section out of CEBs in the 2016 build of the Seed Eco-Home.
The bill of materials cost of the machine is $3000-6500, depending on the version and build process. The machine versions include:
- manual hydraulic controls
- digitally cut parts or stock steel sections
- small or large hopper
- with or without hopper shaker
- automatic controller at 6, 8, or 10 bricks per minute
We are currently selling the full machine and accepting pre-orders. We are currently accepting requests to be put on a product order wait list, and we will set up production capacity to fill regular orders in late 2016. Email info at opensourceecology dot org.
- Price is FOB Kansas City, Missouri, USA, for a fully assembled machine, with quick couplers, ready to be plugged in to a power source. Price for other packing/crating options is extra.
- Delivery time: machines are produced during scheduled production runs. The next production run is late September, 2016, and machine will be available right after
- Buyer is encouaraged to attend the 1 day scheduled production run - to learn how the machine is built, and therefore, to learn about repair and modification
The Super High Performance model can make up to 10 full sized block per minute, and uses approximately 3 cubic yards of soil per hour. The High Performance model can make up to 8 full size block per minute. A tractor loader is needed in both cases to keep up with the machine throughput. Approximately 4 people are required to keep up with the machine for stacking the block upon pallets. Approximately 30 people would be required to load the machine manually with shovels and buckets if no tractor loader is available. At the minimum, 5 people (1 tractor operator, 4 stackers) are required to produce palletized block on a continuous basis.
Specifications of Super High Performance Model
- Block is plain block, not interlocking. Please see discussion on Interlocking_bricks
- Version 6 is our current model; exhaustive documentation release comming in late 2016 after the 2016 production run. See CEB Press Genealogy for past versions.
- Open source hardware, controller, and software (CC-BY-SA, GPL)
- Controller includes automatic pressing and manual mode
- Does NOT come with a power source - it is powered by a hydraulic power source, such as by our Power Cube or a tractor hydraulic take-off.
- Full size bricks are 4"x6"x12", plain flat-faced bricks
- Brick height is adjustable from 1"-4"
- Brick dimensional variations: +/- 1/16". This assumes uniform soil. Soil uniformity will determine height uniformity of brick.
- 6 full-sized bricks per minute at 14 gallon per minute hydraulic flow. Brick pressing rate will increase with a higher hydraulic flow, up to the maximum rated flow of the hydraulic solenoid. At a flow >14 gpm, the secondary cylinder and shaker motor are throttled down to reduce their speed. Hydraulic solenoid valve is rated for a maximum of 30 gpm fluid flow at 3000PSI
- Fuel consumption with Power Cube running at 14 gpm fluid flow - about 1 gallon per hour
- System hydraulic pressure - 2300 psi
- Comes with hydraulic quick couplers ready to be connected to a power source
- Weight - 1700 lb
- Moving: brick press is moved with forks. Footprint (with legs in the inner position) allows machine to be placed in the bed of a 3/4 ton pickup. It has adjustable legs for uneven terrain. Machine can be moved around on a trailer (not included)
- Material cost: $3000-$6500 depending on suppliers; manual machine (without hydraulic solenoid, machine costs $1000 less in materials. Production cost for a full kit: US$5000 above the bill of materials/supplies/consumables cost, paid by the buyer. Production currently occurs in Extreme Manufacturing Workshops - where the buyer is invited to the build so they understand how the machine is built - and is part of the buyer's Lifetime DIY Warranty. This warranty means that the user can maintain the machine for decades because they know how the machine is built, how it works, and how to source parts for the machine from local and online sources. This means that this is not a consumer machine, but a prosumer machine.
- 3'x6' grate for tractor loading. Includes soil deflectors
- Includes hopper shaker to help soil move down the hopper. However, the shaker is not needed if soil quality is good.
- Known bugs: machine has currently been tested in multiple day production runs and is stable at 6 bricks per minute.
- When solenoid valve runs with 2 Power Cubes at 28 gpm fluid flow, different control code needs to be used. The updated control code is designed for parallel operation, which does not work well with a series valve.
- Issue can be resolved also by using the same code, and a parallel solenoid valve instead of the series solenoid valve that is currently being used
- This bug was not seen when a larger diesel engine was used to power the brick press in 2010 at 30 gpm fluid flow, because the simpler control code at that time was written for series operation. A brick pressing rate of 10 full size block per minute was achieved in 2010.
- Control code optimization needs to happen to optimize power usage
- Log splitter hydraulic pumps can be used to allow for the use of a smaller engine. This has not been done yet.
- Prototype 9 - CEB Press v17.08.
- Prototype 8 - CEB Press v16.09. Used successfully with auger-based Soil Mixer to make stabilized CEBs. However, throughput is 10 block per load and mix quality was not perfect, which leads us to a hammermill-based mixer for perfectly uniform mixing.
- Prototype 7 - Machine with auger in hopper by Rob Beddingfield - Rob_Beddingfield_Log#With_Mixer_Module
- CEB Press 6
- CEB Press 5- OSE Christmas Gift to the World 2012
- CEB Press 4
- CEB Press 3
- CEB Press 2
- Prototype 1 Completed blog post
The CEB Press takes earth/dirt/soil and compresses it tightly to make solid blocks useful for building. Compressed earth blocks have many advantages as a building material: by making the building materials from the readily available dirt on the building site, they eliminate the need to transport bricks from elsewhere, reducing financial cost and environmental impact. Compressed earth blocks are very strong and insulate well against both heat and sound, making for very energy-efficient building (especially combined with the energy savings from not needing to transport them from offsite). Best of all, the material they use is already on-site and does not need to be purchased -- quite literally, dirt-cheap! See the wiki page on Compressed Earth Blocks and the CEB category for more details on building using CEBs.
The Liberator has been fully designed and tested by the Open Source Ecology team. Because the Liberator is an open source technology, you can freely download instructions to build your own from materials you can obtain yourself, or contact opensourceecology[at]gmail[dot]com to buy a kit or a finished machine.
Building a machine yourself might seem intimidating, but every step of the process is fully documented and the OSE community is available on our discussion forums if you need help, advice, or a little hand-holding.
Using the CEB Press, two people can build a 6 foot high (1.83m) round wall, 20 feet (6.1m) in diameter, 1 foot (30cm) thick, in one 8 hour day, though construction time will vary somewhat depending on preparation time, what equipment is available (tractor to prepare the ground and move the blocks where they need to go), the quality of the soil, and other factors. The bigger the block size, the faster a wall can be erected, but at the cost of heavier blocks that are more of a strain to work with. Blocks from The Liberator average 25 pounds (11.3kg).
See CEB Design for more information.
- Soil Testing
- more Soil Testing
- CEB Design
- Compressed Earth Blocks
- Cinva Ram
- CEB Press/Rollers
- CEB Press/ModularRollers
- Metric CEB Press
- Field Testing 2011
- CEB Press/Videos