Crash course on OSE/ru

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Краткий курс
Этот Краткий курс на Open Source Ecology (OSE). в следующие 15 минут введет вас в курс дела по всей работе OSE за прошедшие 4 года. Email crashcoursemoderator at gmail dot com for support. See also Technical Abstract of the GVCS.


Обзор для Новичков[edit]

Начните с нашей Главной OSE страницы.

Чтобы увидеть, что мы делаем, см. GVCS in 2 Minutes видео. Open Source Ecology была основана в 2004 Марчином Якубовским. Мы - сеть фермеров, инженеров, и сторонников, который в течение прошлых двух лет создавал Global Village Construction Set. GVCS это открытая исходная документация, дешевизна, высокоэффективная технологическая платформа, которая позволяет легко самостоятельно изготовить 50 различных Индустриальных Машин, которые нужны для строителства жизнеспособной цивилизацию с современными удобствами. GVCS устраняет припятствия для фермерства, производства и строительства. Он выглядит как набор лего модульных инструментов в натуральную величину, которые могут создать полноценные экономические системы, либо в сельском Миссури, где был основан наш проект, в городской местности или в сердце Африки.

See logs of the on-site participants at Factor e Farm.

У нас есть амбициозная программа реализации 49 технологических продуктов за 2 года с бюджетом в 2.4M долларов - которую мы сокращённо назвали 50/2/2 программой. Сроки для этого 2011-2012.

Ключевые особенности GVCS[edit]

Здесь Ключевые особенности GVCS, а если вы хотите узнать больше, то смотрите Core Values of OSE.

Key Features

  • Открытый исходный код - we freely publish our 3D designs, schematics, instructional videos, budgets, and product manuals on our open source wiki, and we harness open collaboration with technical contributors.
  • Низкая стоимость - The cost of making or buying our machines is on average 8 times cheaper than buying from an Industrial Manufacturer, including labor costs of 15 dollars/hour for a GVCS fabricator.
  • Модульность - Motors, parts, assemblies, and power units can interchange, where units can be grouped together to diversify the functionality that is achievable from a small set of units.
  • Удобство эксплуатации - Design-for-disassembly allows the user to take apart, maintain, and fix tools readily without the need to rely on expensive repairmen.
  • DIY Самостоятельное изготовление - The user gains control of designing, producing, and modifying the GVCS tool set.
  • Замкнутый цикл производства - Metal is an essential component of advanced civilization, and our platform allows for recycling metal into virgin feedstock for producing further GVCS technologies - thereby allowing for cradle-to-cradle manufacturing cycles.
  • Качественное исполнение - Performance standards must match or exceed those of industrial counterparts for the GVCS to be viable.
  • Гибкость в изготовлении - It has been demonstrated that the flexible use of generalized machinery in appropriate-scale production is a viable alternative to centralized production.
  • Дистрибутивная экономика - We encourage the replication of enterprises that derive from the GVCS platform as a route to truly free enterprise - along the ideals of Jeffersonian democracy.
  • Промышленная эффективность - In order to provide a viable choice for a resilient lifestyle, the GVCS platform matches or exceeds productivity standards of industrial counterparts.

Область применения GVCS[edit]

Scope

  • Mechanical Infrastructure - life-size, Lego-like construction set for agricultural and utility equipment in which modularity is emphasized. The mechanical infrastructure is based on a chassis (tractor, microtractor, car, bulldozer) with modular add-ons. Implements, motors, and power units can interchange, thereby maximizing the range of uses that can be composed from a small set of components. For example, the power unit can be interchanged readily between the tractor, bulldozer, or car.
  • Agriculture - The food infrastructure for a resilient community (Open Source Agroecology) aims to demonstrate a best-practice system for feeding 100-200 people with a core team of 4 agricultural generalists, or Open Source Agroecologists.
  • Energy Infrastructure - includes Fuel, Motive Power, and Electricity. The energy infrastructure consists of solar energy capture either by the Solar Turbine or by plants. The Solar Turbine uses solar heat directly when the sun is shining, or stored as plants trap solar energy via photosynthesis, where the energy is harvested in the form of plant biomass.
  • Housing - The housing infrastructure consists of a number of mulipurpose tools: CEB Press, Sawmill, Cement mixer, Modular Housing Units, Living Machines and others. We will produce professional architecture drawings for CEB and other natural building structures.
  • Transportation - includes an Open Source Microcar and utility Truck with imlement attachabilty, all powered by Power Cubes.
  • Digital Fabrication - RepLab up to Hot Metal Processing and full-featured industrial robots.
  • Materials - Aluminum Extraction from Clay; Bioplastic Extruder including bioplastic synthesis from plants

Current Status[edit]

last updated: 19. August 2011.

The following prototypes and products are developed until now:

The Liberator, CEB Press
(Final Product)
The Compressed Earth Brick (CEB) Press allows for rapid (16 brick per minute), low-cost, high-quality construction from on-site earth. The CEB Press is used to compress clayey soil (20-30% clay by volume) from local or on-site soils into structural masonry (700-1000 PSI) building blocks. Stabilization with cement may be used for additional weather resistance. CEB also lends itself to the construction of floors, paved areas, retaining walls, storage structures, or any other structures where a uniform, structural building block is desired.

Links: The Liberator, The CEB Story, initial field testing, pressing bricks, disassembly, crating (packaging), machine overview, the frame, the controller, CEB Machine Controller: Fabrication Recursion, Complete CEB Walkthrough.

Documentation: Introduction, Build Instructions, CAD Files

LifeTrac
(Final Product)
LifeTrac is a versatile, 4-wheel drive, full-sized, hydraulically-driven, skid-steering tractor of 18-200 hp with optional steel tracks. LifeTrac is intended to be a minimalist but high-performance, lifetime design, design-for-disassembly workhorse and power unit of any land stewardship operation. It features easy serviceability by the user. Its modular nature allows for quick attachment of implements; interchangeability/stackability of multiple power units (Power Cubes) for adapting power level to the task at hand; quick attachment of all hydraulic components via quick-coupling hoses; including quick interchangeability of hydraulic motors for use in other applications.

Links: Stage I of Development, Prototype II Completed, moving.

Documentation: Build (wiki page with videos), Blender Files; Quick Attach Plate and Tracks CAD

MicroTrac
(Prototype I)
MicroTrac is a scaled-down, walk-behind version of the the full-sized LifeTrac to address the need for a microtractor. We are using most of the same components as LifeTrac, except we are shrinking the structural members – to retain part interchangeability between MicroTrac and LifeTrac.

Links: Prototype I completed blog post, prototype I completed video, zero turn, Microtrac Prototype II, Prototype II Challenge.

Documentation: wiki documentation ; Prototype I Blender File

Soil Pulverizer
(Final Product)
The Soil Pulverizer can be attached to LifeTrac and pulverizes the soil to a fine consistency which can be used in preparation for pressing Compressed Earth Bricks (CEBs).

Links: blog, construction and test (short video), test (video).

Power Cube
(Final Product)
The Power Cube is an universal, self-contained power unit that consists of an engine coupled to a hydraulic pump for providing power to different devices in the form of hydraulic fluid at high pressure. The Power Cube is a module that can be attached to the LifeTrac, Microtrac, Bulldozer, and Open Source Car (OSCar) platforms. It connects to other devices via quick couplers and quick-connect hydraulic hoses.

Links: short and long (50min) video.

Documentation: Blender Files.

CNC Torch Table
CNC Torch Table is a cutting table. A computer can control the torch head making clean sharp cuts on XYZ axes. Prototype I has been built, but has not been operated successfully because the radiation emitted by the plasma cutter that was used with the table caused electronics failure. We will finish Prototype I by retrofitting it with open source stepper motor controllers.

Links: wiki page, Plasma cutter in action, Open Source Torch Table Part 4, Part 5, Part 6.

Documentation: Build (wiki), Blender File; Prototype I First Fire

Drill Press
(Prototype I)
The Drill Press is for drilling 1″ and larger holes directly in metal without pre-drilling. It contains a hydraulic motor for the drilling and a hydraulic cylinder for the down pressure – so this is a literal press, and it is not short on torque or power as the motor can sustain up to 20 hp. We are using our Universal Rotor for the motor.

Links: video

Documentation: documentation

Ironworker Machine
(Prototype I)
The Ironworker Machine is a device that can instantly cut steel and punch holes in metal thicknesses of 1". Currently the 150 Ton Hole Puncher is prototyped.

Links: 150 Ton Hole Puncher's blog post

Documentation: Hole Puncher's Wiki Docu, Wiki Category

Currently we are prototyping:

In March 2011, Marcin gave a TED Talk. Since then, the project is exploding.

We finished 4 orders of CEB Presses, Tractors, Power Cubes and Soil Pulverizers. Now we are in the middle of HabLab and Workshop construction.

Construction business using the Tractor-Soil Pulverizer-Compressed Earth Brick (CEB) Press package will start in Los Angeles by an early adopter, Joskua Designs. This will be the first field testing outside of Factor E Farm. The building project in California will have to deal with earthquake codes.

Currently, there are 3 independent efforts to replicate production of CEB Presses (James Slade, Brianna Kufa), tractors, and Power Cubes (Tom Griffin, Tom's Log).

Support us in our Kickstarter campaign. This Kickstarter push is aimed at the full testing, publishing, and deployment of the construction toolkit - the Tractor, Compressed Earth Brick Press, Soil Pulverizer, and Hydraulic Power Unit.

You can preorder the GVCS machines.

Future Plans[edit]

We are focusing on demonstrating the effectiveness of our equipment in construction and agriculture duties. For construction, we will be using the open source tractor, CEB press, sawmill, and other supporting tools such as soil pulverizer, cement mixer, auger, backhoe, trencher, hay baler, hay rake, hay cutter, and others. We will demonstrate infrastructure building and housing construction – including double CEB walls filled with strawbales for super-insulation.

We got a construction grant of 60k. You can check the GVCS Rollout Plan.

We get a Dimensional Sawmill prototype by Sweiger.

We are recruiting a Fabrication Manager and Construction Manager, and producing a site survey and architectural plans - assuming a budget of up to $100k dedicated to construction. We are further securing a rental unit in Maysville to house 1-2 onsite participants. We further have a documentation team on site, consisting of 2 dedicated people, who are working on full fabrication procedure documentation. We are currently securing our own server for video uploads, CiviCRM, and the ability to handle a large number of hits from Kickstarter. On video, we have almost 1TB of video footage from this production run, to be deployed to a remote video editing team - with a goal of professional quality instructionals on the CEB Press, Tractor, Soil Pulverizer, and Power Cube to be delivered as part of our Christmas Gift. On the legal front, we are trade-marking our identity and donating our land holdings into a trust.

We are looking for active collaboration in all projects. Our current needs are:

  • Fabrication Manager - finish the existing and continue new production runs, produce further construction equipment necessary for infrastructure buildout. We are planning on prototyping the sawmill, cement mixer, auger, trencher, and backhoe in the 2011 season.
  • Construction Project Manager- leading the building new of infrastructure as new people come on site, focusing on natural building techniques such as CEB, local lumber, and local biomass for superinsulation, and bioplastic for greenhouses (see last blog post for details)
  • 3 Project Managers – overall global/local project management and integration– utilizing the assistance of a global development team to move forward the creation and testing of the GVCS infrastructure at Factor e Farm
  • Machine Designer/CAD – feeds technical design (CAD) into the prototyping process for the GVCS – by providing fabrication drawings to the fabrication team
  • 4 Fabricators – custom fabricators and prototypers who convert technical design drawings into physical prototypes – creating the physical substance of the project
  • CAM Expert – contributes to the CAM (fabrication automation) aspect of the prototyping process by developing CAM files and by using CNC machines – while streamlining the fabrication process
  • Power Engineer – develops the electrical power grid for the community and develops the workshop power supplies – including developing the welder, plasma cutter, induction furnace, inverter, charge controller, and other power electric devices that are included in the GVCS
  • Remote Collaboration Support – organizing remote contributor teams for design/CAD/prototyping assistance to Factor e Farm
  • CAD/CAM Programmer – A robust, integrated, open source, professional-quality tool chain for CAD/CAM is currently not available. We will put effort into developing such a tool chain to promote the replicability of GVCS tools, by building on and integrating existing tools.
  • Land Regeneration Manager – Factor e Farm suffers from serious erosion and fertility issues caused by decades of prior commercial row-cropping. To ameliorate this, our program calls for building berms, ponds, and other earthworks to address erosion directly, plus, extensive mulching, as well as intensive rotational grazing as a rapid way to improve the soil food web. The primary tools that are to be used in these tasks are bulldozers, ruminants, and hay-bales.
  • Farmer – or more specifically – the open source agroecologist – the pivotal person in the community who provides nutrition to the FeF team and thereby is the primary contibutor to the good health of the community. The open source agroecologist is responsible for food production – from garden and orchard to field crops, animal husbandry, fishery, and forestry – and for food storage and processing, such as seed cleaning, seed saving, and oil expression. The farmer is responsible for producing food, fuel, and fiber crops (both wood and clothing) – while maintaining a diverse and integrated ecosystem and soil food web that improves in quality over time.
  • Cook – feeds the FeF population; engages in crop planning, harvest, and organization of food processing activities
  • Web Programmers and User Interface Designers can help with the True Fans Development Proposal.
  • check our Project needs.

2012[edit]

2012 is rapid parallel development for the completion of the 50 machines. The greater global effort beyond FeF could help tremendously by identifying a large team of qualified, remote developers. Success on the overall 50 machines requires that we recruit a team of bidders/designers/prototypers for each machine – as each machine goes through a multi-step development process from concept to field testing and iteration. This enables us to access large sources of funding. Without a deployment team, we cannot take in money. Thus, if we have a solid team of bidders/designers/prototypers – and their capacities are clear – then we are in a position to move rapidly.

after 2013[edit]

After the GVCS completion the first OSE Community will be built and Education and Training in 2-year immersion program are planned.

A Documentary Film about Factory E Farm may come in the future.


Support OSE and collaborate with us to help us make this happen.

Getting Involved[edit]

Get yourself involved!
If you liked what you've seen, please check the Get involved page to see the various ways you can contribute your time and skills to our project
If you want to join quickly some of the project, then check the Guide to OSE Projects.

Media and Interviews[edit]

For Interviews, please check our Press Procedure. Here you can find High Resolution GVCS Media.

Keywords[edit]

Required Reading for Developers[edit]

Other[edit]

FAQs[edit]

To Do Items[edit]

See GVCS Tasks and Project needs.